It speaks of a strong endurance, not a passive waiting. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 23. woe unto--"alas for." a. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am. The good news in Jesus is that we don’t have to go through this calamity that is coming. c. Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away: No mere man could truthfully say this. As great as the temple was, Jesus never hesitated to claim that He was greater than the temple (Matthew 12:6). “There was a comet in the form of a fiery sword, which for a year together did hang over the city. 36. One notable example of this was the prophetic expectation in 1846 with William Miller in the United States. ii. 3. The widow’s gift and Jesus’ comment on it also shows us that the value of a gift is determined by what it, iii. Nation, &c.--Matthew and Mark ( Matthew 24:8 , 13:8 ) add, "All these are the beginning of sorrows," or travail pangs, to which heavy calamities are compared ( Jeremiah 4:31 , &c.). Luke’s record focuses more on the first aspect. flee, &c.--EUSEBIUS says the Christians fled to Pella, at the north extremity of Perea, being "prophetically directed"; perhaps by some prophetic intimation still more explicit than this, which still would be their chart. The baby is named and circumcised — a rite that marks Jesus as Jewish, as part of the people that God has called. Jesus here looked to the later aspects of the ultimate fulfillment of His return and the end of the age. b. a. Is it speaking of a pre tribulation rapture or a post tribulation rapture? “Most divines think that God in the destruction of Jerusalem intended to give a specimen of the general conflagration, and ruin of the world at the last day; so as the signs of the same kind with those seen before Jerusalem was destroyed, shall be seen before the great and terrible day of our Lord’s coming to judge the world.” (Poole). Not to meditate beforehand on what you will answer: “The Greek word for ‘to prepare beforehand,’ promeletan, was a technical expression for practicing a speech in advance.” (Pate), “You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. III. a. until, &c.--Implying (1) that one day Jerusalem shall cease to be "trodden down by the Gentiles" ( Revelation 11:2 ), as then by pagan so now by Mohammedan unbelievers; (2) that this shall be at the "completion" of "the times of the Gentiles," which from Romans 11:25 (taken from this) we conclude to mean till the Gentiles have had their full time of that place in the Church which the Jews in their time had before them--after which, the Jews being again "grafted into their own olive tree," one Church of Jew and Gentile together shall fill the earth ( Romans 11:1-36 ). The widow challenged the mindset that says, “I’ll give when I have more.” The widow had virtually nothing, yet was a giver. It is rather as in Luke 9:27 . Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Circumcision is the sign of the covenant relationship that God established first with Abraham (Genesis 17) … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 2:21-38" These are those who are caught up together with Jesus, to meet the Lord in the air (1 Thessalonians 4:17), to escape the tribulation to come upon the earth. 1. looked up--He had "sat down over against the treasury" ( Mark 12:41 ), probably to rest, for He had continued long standing as he taught in the temple court ( Mark 11:27 ), and "looking up He saw"--as in Zaccheus' case, not quite casually. The Widow’s Two Mites. ii. The idea is that when a fig tree buds, there is an inevitable result – summer is near, and fruit is coming. There have been times in the history of the church when rash predictions were made and then relied upon resulting in great disappointment, disillusionment, and falling way. i. But as before Christ came to destroy Jerusalem, some appalling portents were seen in the air, so before His personal appearing it is likely that something analogous will be witnessed, though of what nature it is vain to conjecture. Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.”. How it was adorned with beautiful stones and donations: The temple wasn’t just big, it was also beautiful. Luke 21:1-38—Read the Bible online or download free. A month and wisdom. b. This kind of total chaos and calamity is described in horrific detail in Revelation 6, 8-9, and 15-18. i. “Genea can mean three things: (1) the descendants of a common ancestor; (2) a set of people born at the same time; (3) the period of time occupied by such a set of people, often in the sense of successive sets of people. Luke 10:21 says, “In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.” The notice Christ took, and the approbation he gave, of a poor widow that cast two mites into the treasury ( v. 1-4 ). By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. This generation will by no means pass away till all things take place: Jesus did not refer to His own generation and that of the disciples, but of the generation that sees those signs; they will also see the very end. 2 And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites. Not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down, So they asked Him, saying, “Teacher, but when will these things be? Then, as some spoke of the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and donations, He said, “These things which you see; the days will come in which not, How it was adorned with beautiful stones and donations. Until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled: When these times of the Gentiles are completed, the author believes that the remaining seven-year period appointed to the Jewish people in Daniel 9 begins. And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. They were deluded by charlatans and would-be messengers of God.” (Pate), “But when you hear of wars and commotions, do not be terrified; for these things must come to pass first, but the end will not come immediately.” Then He said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. This is why He wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44), because He could see the massive devastation to come upon this city He loved – and why He warned all who would listen how they could flee from the coming destruction. b. Jerusalem was leveled, including the temple – just as Jesus said. He said, “The plain truth is that this widow has given by far the largest offering today. i. Disciples of Jesus must expect both. Perhaps a scribe devoured her house. But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 6.285). They would instead stand before the Son of Man. i. . And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations.”. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. i. Of what should happen between that and the destruction of Jerusalem—false Christs arising, bloody wars and persecutions of Christ’s followers ( v. 8-19 ). go . Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. The first aspect comes suddenly, unexpectedly, as a snare, in a time of peace and safety. Some stayed in Jerusalem and fought and were slaughtered. i. According to Morris, carousing literally refers to the hangover that comes after a time of intoxication. (Luke 21:24) Most scholars define the Times of the Gentiles as the period of history where Gentile Kingdoms are in leadership positions on Earth. But what does being ready mean? i. Luke Chapter 21 In Luke 21 Jesus talks about giving to others. A prediction of future events, in answer to his disciples’ enquiries concerning them ( v. 5-7 ). Fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven — Of these, Josephus has given us a particular account, Bell., Luke 7:12. Alongside archangel Michael, Michael is described as the guardian angel of Israel, defending its people against the angels of the other nations.. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, let those who are in the midst of her depart, and let not those who are in the country enter her. In Luke 21:34-36 Jesus said that He would come as a surprise, a snare – and emphasized the importance of readiness. Here he has turned his attention to the end of the age and his own second coming. God never sends judgment without previous warning; and there can be no doubt that the Jews, already dispersed over most known countries, had nearly all heard the Gospel "as a witness," before the end of the Jewish state. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. What does Luke 21:28 mean? But what does being ready mean? — Luke 21:34-36 NLT. Just as is true with labor pains, we should expect that the things mentioned –. We endure, trusting the promise of Jesus that ultimately, in eternal perspective, not a hair of your head shall be lost. Truly Jesus meant it when He said these are the days of vengeance. b. 3 And he said, Of a truth I say unto you, that this poor widow hath cast in more than they all: Luke 21:10. τότε ἔλεγεν points to a new beginning in discourse, which has the effect of dissociating the repeated mention of political disturbances from what goes before, and connecting it with apostolic tribulations referred to in the sequel. c. But it will turn out for you an occasion for testimony: From the Book of Acts on, there have been countless times when persecution has given Christians the opportunity to preach and give testimony to those they could otherwise never reach with the message, such as kings and rulers. Jerusalem . Commentary on Luke 21:1-4. But not a hair of your head shall be lost. 12. brought before, &c.--The book of Acts verifies all this. The Jewish historian Josephus said that the temple was covered on the outside with gold plates, that were so brilliant that when the sun shone on them, it was blinding to look at. Christ relates the Parable of the Fig Tree (verses 29-33) to give instruction regarding His warnings in the previous verses. When the Romans came against Jerusalem, “Josephus tells, too, of six thousand refugees who perished in the flames of the temple porticos deluded by a ‘false prophet, who had on that day proclaimed to the people in the city that God commanded them to go up to the temple court, to receive there the tokens of their deliverance” (J.W. a. According to others, ‘mouth’ refers to the form, ‘wisdom’ to the thought. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. b. The ὑμῶν placed first contains a contrast with others who are in such a condition as is here forbidden. History records that 1.1 million Jews were killed and another 97,000 were taken captive in one of the worst calamities ever to strike the Jewish people. “We must regard the siege of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple as being a kind of rehearsal of what is yet to be.” (Spurgeon), iv. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. She gave two mites, not just one. Luke 21 . II. The widow might have kept one coin for herself, and no one would blame her if she did. In the broader Roman Empire there were notable earthquakes before Jerusalem was destroyed. However, we must acknowledge that Jesus spoke clearly about the Second These things must come to pass first: “These things must happen because they are part of the prophetic programme of the End-time in general, and so are divinely decreed; but they do not usher in the immediate end. “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute, But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, Delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, But it will turn out for you an occasion for testimony, give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to contradict or resist, Not to meditate beforehand on what you will answer, “You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, relatives and friends; and they will put, parents and brothers, relatives and friends, You will be hated by all for My name’s sake, But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, Let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, Until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled, Signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, : History records no adequate fulfillment of these words in, Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory, history records no adequate fulfillment of these words in, Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near, This generation will by no means pass away till all things take place, Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away, carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, It will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth, be counted worthy to escape all these things, Pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape those things that will come to pass, escape all these things that will come to pass, In the daytime He was teaching in the temple, At night He went out and stayed on the mountain called Olivet, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. What Jesus spoke of at this part of Luke’s record of the Olivet Discourse applied to those of the whole earth, not only those who lived in Jerusalem or Judea. No, we can't know when he will return (Matthew 24:36-39). Presumably ἡ γενεὰ αὕτη means for Lk., as it must have done for the Twelve to whom the words were spoken, the generation to which Jesus Himself belonged. iii. Jesus did not hide in these few days before His betrayal, arrest, and crucifixion. b. CHRIST'S PROPHECY OF THE DESTRUCTION OF JERUSALEM AND WARNINGS TO PREPARE FOR HIS SECOND COMING, SUGGESTED BY IT--HIS DAYS AND NIGHTS DURING HIS LAST WEEK. It is said that at the fall of Jerusalem, the last surviving Jews of the city fled to the temple, because it was the strongest, most secure building in the city. This is God’s promise that He will not prolong what Jesus called the Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:21) forever. The ancient Christian historian Eusebius wrote that Christians fled to Pella in response to “an oracle given by revelation” (History of the Church, 3.5.3, cited in Morris). 21. When you hear of wars and commotions, do not be terrified: What Jesus said here applied both to the coming destruction of Jerusalem and the yet to be fulfilled return of Jesus at the end of the age. The widow’s gift and Jesus’ comment on it also shows us that the value of a gift is determined by what it costs the giver. He started a widespread revolution against the Romans and enjoyed early success, but was soon crushed. All this will culminate in the dramatic, spectacular return of Jesus, coming with His church to this earth. The calamities described in following verses will come in this period. There is also a strong case to be made that Jesus meant the Jewish people by the term this generation, meaning that they would not perish (despite terrible persecution and attempted genocide) until these things were fulfilled. Jesus repeatedly warned his disciples during the latter part of his ministry to stay alert and be ready for his return. a. You will be betrayed: Christians must expect to suffer not only from enemies outside the church, but also from traitors among believers (parents and brothers, relatives and friends). Matthew 24:8 described these things as the beginning of sorrows, more literally the beginning of labor pains. The line at the offering box and the pride shown by the rich men in their giving shows us that it isn’t necessarily more spiritual to have an offering box instead of passing offering bags. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. of her penury--or "want" ( Mark 12:44 )--her deficiency, of what was less than her own wants required, "all the living she had." These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. As some spoke of the temple: This temple was originally rebuilt by Zerubbabel and Ezra (Ezra 6:15), but greatly expanded and improved by Herod. You will be brought before kings and rulers for My name’s sake. ii. But take heed to yourselves: We must take heed because there are certain things that will make one unprepared – carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life. There were signs in the heavens, such as a comet that looked like a sword in the sky over Jerusalem before its destruction. 37, 38. in the daytime--of this His last week. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Key Thought. . after them--"I come not so very soon" ( 2 Thessalonians 2:1 2 Thessalonians 2:2 ) [STIER]. b. the rich, &c.--"the people," says Mark 12:41 "cast money into the treasury, and many rich east in much"; that is, into chests deposited in one of the courts of the temple to receive the offerings of the people towards its maintenance ( 2 Kings 12:9 , John 8:20 ). . Luke 21:28. The "these things" in verse 31 refers to the question asked in verse 7 and Jesus' subsequent answer in verses 8-28. Luke 21:29-35. He saw also: Jesus see us when we give. The former refers to the words they were to utter; the latter, to the gift of delivering these words appropriately. So what does it mean? 18. not a hair . For many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am he,’ and, ‘The time is near.’ Do not follow them. For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. . . For it will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth. After thousands of years of exile, a Jewish state was miraculously established in Israel again in 1948. Jesus has turned from describing events that have already happened (from our perspective), to describing events that have yet to happen. "These things" … b. However, Christians in Jerusalem knew what Jesus had said and they obeyed Him, fleeing across the Jordan River mostly to Pella. Take heed that you not be deceived: From the outset, Jesus warned the disciples that many would be deceived as they anticipated His return. Luke 21:8-28 New International Version (NIV). He looked up and saw the rich putting their gifts into the treasury: At the temple, Jesus noticed a long line of rich people who put in a lot of money, perhaps making some kind of display to call attention to their gifts. 21:29-38 Christ tells his disciples to observe the signs of the times, which they might judge by. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. These things must happen first, but the end will not come right away.” Explanation and Commentary of Luke 21:25 Christ has been discoursing on the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple that would take place within a generation or two. . That's why. 24. They make the heart weighed down. For many will come in My name: Jesus knew that many would come after Him, claiming to be the political and military messiah for Israel. There have been times in the history of the church when rash predictions were made and then relied upon resulting in great disappointment, disillusionment, and falling way. 10. The Widow’s Offering (). In the same way, when these signs are seen, the coming of Jesus in glory with His church to this world will inevitably follow. 32. Proud member i. Jesus’ principle here shows us that God does not need our money. What this was intended to mean, interpreters are not agreed. 8. the time--of the Kingdom, in its full glory. The destruction was so complete that today there is true difficulty learning exactly where the temple was. iii. c. Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near: The things that will begin to happen are described in Luke 21:25-27. In this chapter we have, I. i. Matthew 24 seems to have a more complete account of this teaching, and it is helpful to answer questions about the Luke account from the more complete recording in Matthew. In rejecting the truth, they were vulnerable to greater deception. Luke 21. Not only are they difficult to understand, but we are embarrassed by the excesses of today's apocalyptic preachers. It was the center of Jewish life for almost a thousand years. all--in proportion to her means, which is God's standard ( 2 Corinthians 8:12 ). And what sign, What sign will there be when these things are about to take place, And He said: “Take heed that you not be deceived. c. Not one stone shall be left upon another that shall not be thrown down: Some 40 years after Jesus said this, there was a widespread Jewish revolution against the Romans in Palestine. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Luke 21:25-36 EXEGESIS: LUKE 21:5-24. Roman soldiers surrounded it, and one drunken soldier started a fire that soon engulfed the whole building.

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